Well, since you asked: how you chew is a part of etiquette, the customary code of polite behavior. Nine thousand years ago, prehistoric men had rules (manners) to determine who dipped their wooden spoons into the common cooking pot to eat first. By the way, the men were first.
Two thousand years ago, Greek and Roman manners dictated that people eat with their fingers while reclining on a couch and propped up on one arm. Today, certain indigenous peoples of the Arctic consider it proper to eat from a common cooking pot with their hands, men first, then women and children.
American table manners had their beginnings in the European courts around 1100 A.D. The rules were to make eating a more pleasant and orderly experience. People were asked not to speak with their mouths full, not to pick their teeth with their knives, or to grab food.
As time went by, diners learned not to lick their fingers, smack their lips, snort, or put their faces in their food. Forks were used for the first time during the Renaissance. People began eating from plates, and bones weren’t to be thrown on the floor anymore for the animals to eat. Everyone had his own cup, too.
While table manners have improved since then, we still have a way to go. According to Emily Post,[i] here are the top 10 bad table manners to be avoided:
1. Leaving the table without saying, “excuse me.”
2. Doing a “boardinghouse” reach to get what you want from across the table.
3. Slouching over your place setting or leaning on your elbows while eating.
4. Cutting up all your food at once.
5. Drinking while still chewing food—unless you’re choking, of course.
6. Failing to put your napkin on your lap or use it at all.
7. Picking your teeth at the table or, even worse, flossing.
8. Holding eating utensils like a shovel.
9. Slurping, smacking, blowing your nose, or making any other unpleasant noises while seated at the table.
10. Chewing food with your mouth open or talking with food in your mouth.
Table manners vary from place-to-place and culture-to-culture. What’s okay in America won’t pass muster in Rangoon, or the other way around. What’s acceptable one day may not be the next because manners are always changing to meet society’s needs. As things stand now, here are some general pointers to chew on.
Table-related Dos and Don’ts
- Avoid Emily’s top 10 bad manners at all costs.
- When you’re not sure what to do, watch other people and follow their lead.
- Don’t bite off more than you can chew, literally and figuratively.
- Set aside time to eat. It’s impossible to have good manners when you’re in a rush.